American Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering

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Characterization of Fungal Diseases in Palm Oil Nurseries and Implementation of Control Methods

Received: 28 October 2023    Accepted: 15 December 2023    Published: 22 December 2023
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Abstract

Palm oil (Elaeis guineensis Jacquin) occupies an important place in the Ivorian economy. However, its cultivation is subject to numerous attacks by pests and fungal pathogens. The aim of the present work was to evaluate in vivo and in vitro the antifungal effect of three synthetic fungicides at different concentrations on the evolution of curvulariosis in palm oil nurseries in Côte d’Ivoire. To this end, a trial was carried out in the Boubo palm oil nursery to evaluate in vivo the effect of synthetic fungicides on the severity and incidence of curvulariosis. Samples of leaves showing characteristic symptoms of the disease were then taken from the palm oil nursery and sent to the laboratory for analysis. Two fungi were isolated from these symptoms. These were: Fusarium sp., and Curvularia sp. Among these fungi, Curvularia sp. was the most isolated, with an isolation frequency of 94.28%. The in vitro effect of the three synthetic fungicides on mycelial growth of the Curvularia sp. fungus showed that only the synthetic fungicide Flash (Benomyl) was effective, with a higher inhibition rate of 70.77% on mycelial growth of the pathogen at the 50 ppm concentration. The same was true for disease development in the nursery. These results indicate that Flash fungicide is best suited to the control of curvulariosis in palm oil nurseries.

DOI 10.11648/j.bio.20231106.11
Published in American Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering (Volume 11, Issue 6, December 2023)
Page(s) 92-102
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Côte d’Ivoire, Curvulariosis, Palm Oil, Synthetic Fungicides

References
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    Brahima, C., Klotioloma, C., Tchima, D., Seydou, T., Daouda, K. (2023). Characterization of Fungal Diseases in Palm Oil Nurseries and Implementation of Control Methods. American Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering, 11(6), 92-102. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.bio.20231106.11

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    ACS Style

    Brahima, C.; Klotioloma, C.; Tchima, D.; Seydou, T.; Daouda, K. Characterization of Fungal Diseases in Palm Oil Nurseries and Implementation of Control Methods. Am. J. BioSci. Bioeng. 2023, 11(6), 92-102. doi: 10.11648/j.bio.20231106.11

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    AMA Style

    Brahima C, Klotioloma C, Tchima D, Seydou T, Daouda K. Characterization of Fungal Diseases in Palm Oil Nurseries and Implementation of Control Methods. Am J BioSci Bioeng. 2023;11(6):92-102. doi: 10.11648/j.bio.20231106.11

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  • @article{10.11648/j.bio.20231106.11,
      author = {Camara Brahima and Coulibaly Klotioloma and Dagnogo Tchima and Tuo Seydou and Koné Daouda},
      title = {Characterization of Fungal Diseases in Palm Oil Nurseries and Implementation of Control Methods},
      journal = {American Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering},
      volume = {11},
      number = {6},
      pages = {92-102},
      doi = {10.11648/j.bio.20231106.11},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.bio.20231106.11},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.bio.20231106.11},
      abstract = {Palm oil (Elaeis guineensis Jacquin) occupies an important place in the Ivorian economy. However, its cultivation is subject to numerous attacks by pests and fungal pathogens. The aim of the present work was to evaluate in vivo and in vitro the antifungal effect of three synthetic fungicides at different concentrations on the evolution of curvulariosis in palm oil nurseries in Côte d’Ivoire. To this end, a trial was carried out in the Boubo palm oil nursery to evaluate in vivo the effect of synthetic fungicides on the severity and incidence of curvulariosis. Samples of leaves showing characteristic symptoms of the disease were then taken from the palm oil nursery and sent to the laboratory for analysis. Two fungi were isolated from these symptoms. These were: Fusarium sp., and Curvularia sp. Among these fungi, Curvularia sp. was the most isolated, with an isolation frequency of 94.28%. The in vitro effect of the three synthetic fungicides on mycelial growth of the Curvularia sp. fungus showed that only the synthetic fungicide Flash (Benomyl) was effective, with a higher inhibition rate of 70.77% on mycelial growth of the pathogen at the 50 ppm concentration. The same was true for disease development in the nursery. These results indicate that Flash fungicide is best suited to the control of curvulariosis in palm oil nurseries.
    },
     year = {2023}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Characterization of Fungal Diseases in Palm Oil Nurseries and Implementation of Control Methods
    AU  - Camara Brahima
    AU  - Coulibaly Klotioloma
    AU  - Dagnogo Tchima
    AU  - Tuo Seydou
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    JF  - American Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
    JO  - American Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
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    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2328-5893
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.bio.20231106.11
    AB  - Palm oil (Elaeis guineensis Jacquin) occupies an important place in the Ivorian economy. However, its cultivation is subject to numerous attacks by pests and fungal pathogens. The aim of the present work was to evaluate in vivo and in vitro the antifungal effect of three synthetic fungicides at different concentrations on the evolution of curvulariosis in palm oil nurseries in Côte d’Ivoire. To this end, a trial was carried out in the Boubo palm oil nursery to evaluate in vivo the effect of synthetic fungicides on the severity and incidence of curvulariosis. Samples of leaves showing characteristic symptoms of the disease were then taken from the palm oil nursery and sent to the laboratory for analysis. Two fungi were isolated from these symptoms. These were: Fusarium sp., and Curvularia sp. Among these fungi, Curvularia sp. was the most isolated, with an isolation frequency of 94.28%. The in vitro effect of the three synthetic fungicides on mycelial growth of the Curvularia sp. fungus showed that only the synthetic fungicide Flash (Benomyl) was effective, with a higher inhibition rate of 70.77% on mycelial growth of the pathogen at the 50 ppm concentration. The same was true for disease development in the nursery. These results indicate that Flash fungicide is best suited to the control of curvulariosis in palm oil nurseries.
    
    VL  - 11
    IS  - 6
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Plant Physiology and Pathology Teaching and Research Unit, UFR Biosciences, University of Félix Houphouët-Boigny, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire; Wascal Center/African Center of Excellence on Climate Change, Biodiversity and Sustainable Agriculture (Wascal/CEA-CCBAD), Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire

  • National Centre for Agronomic Research (CNRA), Divo Research Station, Divo, Côte d’Ivoire

  • Plant Physiology and Pathology Teaching and Research Unit, UFR Biosciences, University of Félix Houphouët-Boigny, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire

  • Plant Physiology and Pathology Teaching and Research Unit, UFR Biosciences, University of Félix Houphouët-Boigny, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire; Wascal Center/African Center of Excellence on Climate Change, Biodiversity and Sustainable Agriculture (Wascal/CEA-CCBAD), Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire

  • Plant Physiology and Pathology Teaching and Research Unit, UFR Biosciences, University of Félix Houphouët-Boigny, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire; Wascal Center/African Center of Excellence on Climate Change, Biodiversity and Sustainable Agriculture (Wascal/CEA-CCBAD), Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire

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